Glossary of terms
The specialized vocabulary of professional terms used on the website Krasnozavodsk Chemical Factory
The cartridge is connected through the sleeve into one bullet (the projectile), propellant (military) charge, the primer capsule or sleeve. The cartridge is used for firing from small arms and some artillery. Modern cartridges depending on the types of weapons are: pistol, rifle, gun, ammo hunting rifles and Ammo etc. are divided into combat, auxiliary (idle) and training.
Caliber is the diameter of the barrel of firearms, as well as the diameter of the projectile (bullet); one of the main variables that determine the power of firearms. Size is determined in shotguns by the inner diameter of the barrel, the projectiles (bullets) - most cross-section. Caliber hunting shotguns expressed as the number of round bullets, equal in mass and diameter, cast from 400 g of pure lead and entering into the bore of a gun without a gap. For example, if you cast 12, 16, 20, and more bullets, the caliber of these guns will be expressed respectively by the numerals 12, 16, 20, etc.
The hunting shot — small metal balls (sometimes cubes), are an integral part of the cartridge (projectile) intended for firing from smooth-bore hunting rifles. Made from lead laced with small amounts of antimony and arsenic. Pellet sometimes covered with copper, chromium or Nickel. The fraction sizes in most countries are the same, but have different designations. In Russia, the fraction represent numbers: 12 (birdshot, diameter of 1.25 mm) to 0000 (5 mm). The difference between the diameters of two adjacent rooms of fractions is 0.25 mm. Fraction numbers 12, 11, 10 called beksinska, the fraction with a diameter greater than 5 mm buckshot. In most foreign countries the size of the fraction is expressed in mm, rarely has a letter designation. Produce shot to shot casting plant and method of stamping.
Stands small (round, trench)
Stand small, Playground for firing from smooth-bore guns shot a shell at flying targets-clay pigeons, thrown propelling devices (machines). Distinguish between the trench and round small stands. Trench stand shooting, 25